Introduction

The driving factors of a totaliltarian regime are motivated by misery and want.

Following the end of WWII, the US and the Soviet Union in Russia entered a power struggle to control and rebuild Germany. Although the two nations were allies in WWII (Winston Churchill, President Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin had made up an allied force) their ideologies clashed when the force of Hitler no longer needed to be defeated.

Neither the Soviet Union nor the US wanted to start a WWIII, so the nations fought in a way where it would be hard for the opposing nation to retaliate. The war itself was a geopolitical, ideological and economical struggle between the two world superpowers.

 

ColdWar2

 

It started in 1947 at the end of the Second World War and lasted until the dissolution of the Soviet Union on December 26, 1991.

 

These pieces are focused on delivering information about a the specific time period of 1954-1956.

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1955

A National Divide

The continental struggle for power only increased with every year. In the year 1955, shifts in power led to several important events taking place.

One of the most important actions made in that year was the Warsaw pact founded in Europe. When Soviet leaders became apprehensive of Germany building their military powers again, they formed the Warsaw pact. The Warsaw pact was mutual defense organization that put the Soviet Russians in command of armed forces in 8 of their “member” states. Essentially, this pact was the counterpart to US diplomacy particularly  their peace alliance NATO. (See Key Terms page)

This pact had great significance on the relationship between many countries. Most importantly, the alignment of most nations into two opposing sides formalized the political division of Europe that had been taken place since WWI. Under the pact, the USSR had complete control over the eight other member nations. Moreover, the pact acted as a method to legitimize the Soviet presence in Eastern European countries where treaties with the Soviets had already been established. It conveyed the USSR’s defense and foreign policy directive to it’s Eastern European allies.

Warschau, Konferenz Europäischer Länder...

The Warsaw Pact meeting in Europe.

Additionally, the Soviet Union was now able to act under the pact versus acting under the union. As we later saw, the Soviet Union used their power in inexplicable ways such as crushing the Hungarian Revolution the following year.

 

Read what was on the Warsaw Pact by clicking on the link below.

http://chnm.gmu.edu/1989/archive/files/The%20Warsaw%20Pact_d7223aede6.pdf

 

250px-Map_of_Warsaw_Pact_countries

This image shows the countries involved in the Warsaw Pact.

Culture and Other Significant Events:

– The movie “A rebel without a cause was released”

-Many other classic movies were released including “How to Catch a Thief”, “Guys and Dolls” and “The Lady and the Tramp.”

– People created shelters in case of a bomb.

images

-Bomb education videos created

Bert the Turtle
temperature_monitoring

Temperature

If the year 1955 could be marked in degrees up to 100 degrees celsius according to peace, 1955 would be at 80 degrees celsius. It would be marked as 80 degrees celsius because the creation of the  Warsaw pact brought many new changes. The shift in power that it caused brought the temperature up 10 degrees from the previous year as the Soviet union further established their power.

 

Sources and External Links

If you would like to learn more about the Cold War, visit some of the links below.

Wikipedia Timeline of Events in the Cold War:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Timeline_of_events_in_the_Cold_War

 

How the Cold War Started:

 

http://www.todayifoundout.com/index.php/2013/11/cold-war-start-end/

 

 https://answers.yahoo.com/question/indexqid=20081211213110AAvb2jR

 

USS Nautilus

 

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/nautilus-travels-under-north-pole

 

 http://www.navy.mil/navydata/cno/n87/usw/usw_summer_09/nautilus.html

 

Warsaw Pact:

http://chnm.gmu.edu/1989/items/show/317

http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1870.html

 

Beginning Quote:

http://www.historyinanhour.com/2011/11/22/famous-quotes-cold-war/

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warsaw_Pact

 

Hungarian Revolution:

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hungarian_Revolution_of_1956

 

Cold War History

 

http://www.sparknotes.com/history/american/coldwar/context.html

 

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_propulsion

 

Image Credits:

1954 Page – WordPress.com / Tumblr Photo

1955 Page – http://www.xappsoftware.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/temperature_monitoring.jpg

1956 Page –