A National Divide
The continental struggle for power only increased with every year. In the year 1955, shifts in power led to several important events taking place.
One of the most important actions made in that year was the Warsaw pact founded in Europe. When Soviet leaders became apprehensive of Germany building their military powers again, they formed the Warsaw pact. The Warsaw pact was mutual defense organization that put the Soviet Russians in command of armed forces in 8 of their “member” states. Essentially, this pact was the counterpart to US diplomacy particularly their peace alliance NATO. (See Key Terms page)
This pact had great significance on the relationship between many countries. Most importantly, the alignment of most nations into two opposing sides formalized the political division of Europe that had been taken place since WWI. Under the pact, the USSR had complete control over the eight other member nations. Moreover, the pact acted as a method to legitimize the Soviet presence in Eastern European countries where treaties with the Soviets had already been established. It conveyed the USSR’s defense and foreign policy directive to it’s Eastern European allies.
The Warsaw Pact meeting in Europe.
Additionally, the Soviet Union was now able to act under the pact versus acting under the union. As we later saw, the Soviet Union used their power in inexplicable ways such as crushing the Hungarian Revolution the following year.
Read what was on the Warsaw Pact by clicking on the link below.
This image shows the countries involved in the Warsaw Pact.
Culture and Other Significant Events:
– The movie “A rebel without a cause was released”
-Many other classic movies were released including “How to Catch a Thief”, “Guys and Dolls” and “The Lady and the Tramp.”
– People created shelters in case of a bomb.
-Bomb education videos created
If the year 1955 could be marked in degrees up to 100 degrees celsius according to peace, 1955 would be at 80 degrees celsius. It would be marked as 80 degrees celsius because the creation of the Warsaw pact brought many new changes. The shift in power that it caused brought the temperature up 10 degrees from the previous year as the Soviet union further established their power.